Volume 26, Issue 3 (10-2018)                   www.ijcm.ir 2018, 26(3): 597-610 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Koohfar S, Tabbakh Shabani A, Bazargani-Guilani K, Delavari Kooshan M. Zeolites filling cavities and amigdales of basic volcanic rocks in NW of Davazdah-Emam mountain, north Central Iran. www.ijcm.ir. 2018; 26 (3) :597-610
URL: http://ijcm.ir/article-1-1143-en.html
Kharazmi University
Abstract:   (546 Views)

The north western part of volcano-sedimentary complex of Davazdah-Emam mountain in north of Central Iran is located about 135 km SE Tehran. The Eocene to Oligocene volcanic rocks and dikes of intermediate to mainly basic of complex under the influence of hydrothermal fluids, probably associated with the involvement of meteoric water, experienced different degrees of alteration. The alteration occurred in two steps forming mafic phyllosilicates (celadonite, mixed layers of celadonite-nontronite, smectite), calcite and sodic zeolites (analcime, tetranatrolite, natrolite and chabazite-Ca) at the first step and in the second step, hydrothermal associated possibly with the involvement of the meteoric water facilitated the disposition of calcic-sodic zeolites such as stilbite-Ca, mesolite and thomsonite. Variatians in temperatures, pH, CO2 and H2O values, Si/Al ratio and host rocks types are the parameters that causes the diversities of mineralization through out the two steps. Maximum and minimum temperatures of zeolite formation for the first stage can be estimated around 145°C for analcime and 90°C for chabazite-Ca and for second stage, around 75°C for stilbite-Ca and 65°C for thomsonite.

Full-Text [PDF 127 kb]   (166 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/09/24 | Accepted: 2018/09/24 | Published: 2018/09/24

1. [1] Wedepohl K. H., "Composition and abundance of common igneous rocks: NewYork", Springer,) 1969 (227-249.
2. [2] Manga M., "A model for discharge in spring-dominated streams and implications for the transmissivity and recharge of quaternary volcanics in the Oregon Cascades: Water Resources Research", 33 (1997( 1813-1822.
3. [3] Rose T.P., Davisson M.L., Criss R.E., "Isotope hydrology of voluminous colds prings in fractured rock from an active volcanic region, northeastern California", Journal of Hydrology, 179 )1996) 207.236.
4. [4] Arnorsson S., "Geothermal systems in Iceland: Structure and conceptual models.2. Low temperature Areas: Geothermics", 24 (1995b) 603-629. [DOI:10.1016/0375-6505(95)00026-7]
5. [5] Steefel C. I., Lasaga A. C., "Putting transport into water-rock interaction models: Geology", 20 (1992) 680-684. https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1992)020<0680:PTIWRI>2.3.CO;2 [DOI:10.1130/0091-7613(1992)0202.3.CO;2]
6. [6] Weisenberger T., "Zeolite in fissure of crystalline basement rocks", PhD thesis, university of Freiburg im Breisgau (2009) 178p.
7. [7] Bish D. L., Ming D. W., "Natural Zeolite: Occurrence, properties, application", Reviews in Mineralogy & Geochemistry, 45 (2001) 654 p.
8. [8] Bazargani – Guilani K., Rabbani M. S. Irajian, A – A., "A Review on the Natural Zeolite of Iran", Join Meeting of the Geological Society of America, Soil Science Society of America, American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies with Gulf Coast Section of SEPM. Paper No. (2008) 54 – 13.
9. [9] Gottardi G., "The genesis of Zeolites", Eur. J. Mineral., 1 (1989) 479–487. [DOI:10.1127/ejm/1/4/0479]
10. [10] Bazargani – Guilani K., Rabbani M. S., "Amygdaloidal and other Cavity Filling Zeolites of Kuh-e-Aradeh, Central Iran", University of Tehran, ISSN 1016-1104. Journal of Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran 15(2) (2004) 149-157.
11. [11] Triana J. M., Herrera J. F, Rios C. A., Castellanos O., Henao J., Williams C., Roberts C., "Natural zeolites filling amygdales and veins in basalts from the British Tertiary Igneous Province on the Isle of Skye, Scotland", Earth Sciences Reaserch Journal 16 (2012) 41 – 53.
12. [12] Weisenberger T., Bucher K., "Zeolites in fissures of granites and gneisses of the Central Alps", J. Metam. Geol 28 (2010) 825–847. [DOI:10.1111/j.1525-1314.2010.00895.x]
13. [13] Orlandi P., Scortecci P.B., "Minerals of the Elba pegmatites", Mineral. Rec 16 (1985) 353-364.
14. [14] Hay R. L., Sheppard R., "Occurrence of zeolites in sedimentary rocks: Anoverview", In: D.L. Bish and D.W. Ming (eds.), Natural Zeolites: Occurence, Properties, Applications, Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry 45 (2001) 217-234.
15. [15] Neuhoff P.S., Fridriksson T., Arnórsson S., Bird D.K., "Porosity evolution and mineral paragenesis during low-gerad metamorphism of basaltic lavas at Teigarhorn, eastern Iceland", Am. J. sci 299 (1999) 467–501. [DOI:10.2475/ajs.299.6.467]
16. [16] Bevins R. E., Rowbotham G., Robinson D., "Zeolite to prehnite-pumpellyite facies metamorphism of the late Proterozoic Zig-Zag Dal Basalt Formation, eastern North Greenland", Lithos, 27 (1991) 155-165. [DOI:10.1016/0024-4937(91)90010-I]
17. [17] Liou J.G., "Analcime equilibria", Lithos 4 (1971a) 389-402. [DOI:10.1016/0024-4937(71)90122-8]
18. [18] Utada M., "Zeolites in Burial Diagenesis and Low-grade Metamorphic rocks", Shizuoka 413-0231, Japan. (1971) 277-304.
19. [19] Leggo PJ., Ledesert B, Day J., "Organo-zeolitic treatment ofmine waste to enhance the growth of vegetation", Eur J Mineral (2010) 22, 813–822. [DOI:10.1127/0935-1221/2010/0022-2069]
20. [20] Hauri F., "Natural zeolites from southern Germany: applications in concrete In: Bowmann RS, Delap SE (eds) Zeolite'06—7th international conference on the occurrence, properties, and utilization of natrural zeolites", Socorro, New Mexico, USA, p 130 Helgeson HC, Delany JM, Nesbitt HW, Bird DK (1978) Summary and critique of the thermodynamic properties of rock-forming minerals. Am J (2006) Sci 278-A: 1–229.
21. [21] Kallo D., "Applications of natural zeolites in water and wastewater treatment", Rev Mineral Geochem. (2001) 45, 519–550. [DOI:10.2138/rmg.2001.45.15]
22. [22] Weitkamp J., "Zeolites and catalysis, Solid State Ion", (2000) 131, 175–188. [DOI:10.1016/S0167-2738(00)00632-9]
23. [23] Sadeghi A., Fonoudi M., "Geological map of 1: 100,000 Varamin", Geological Survey and Mineral Exploration Of Iran., (1385).
24. [24] Berberian M., "The southern Caspian: A compressional depression floored by a trapped, modified oceanic crust", Can. J. Earth Sci 20 (1983) 163-183. [DOI:10.1139/e83-015]
25. [25] Verdel C. H., "I. Cenozoic geology pf Iran: An integrated study of extensional tectonics and related volcanism. II. Ediacaran stratigraphy of the north American cordillera: New observation from eastern California and northern Utah", PhD thesis (2009) 287 p.
26. [26] Berberian M., G.C.P. King, "Towards a paleogeography and tectonic evolution of Iran", Can. J. Earth. Sci., (1981) 18 (2). [DOI:10.1139/e81-019]
27. [27] Agard P., Omrani J., Jolivet L., Mouthereau F., Whitechurch H., Vrielynck B., Spakman W., Monie P., Meyer B., Wortel R., "Zagros orogeny: a subduction-dominated process", Geol. Mag. 148 (2011) 692–725. [DOI:10.1017/S001675681100046X]
28. [28] Ghasemi H., Rezaei M., "Petrochemistry and Tectonic Setting of the Davarzan-Abbasabad Eocene Volcanic (DAEV) rocks, NE Iran", Mineralogy and Petrology, (2015) 109 (2): 235-252. [DOI:10.1007/s00710-014-0353-3]
29. [29] Wise W.S., Eugster H. D., "Celadonite: Synthesis, thermal stability, and occurrence", Am. Mineral 49 (1964) 1031-1083.
30. [30] Thompson A., Thompson J. B., "Atlas of Alteration", Geological association of Canada, Mineral Deposite Division – Association geologique du Canada, Division des gites mineraux. (1996) 125 p.
31. [31] Reed J. K., Gipson M., Vass D., "Hydrocarbon potential of sandstone reservoirs in the east Slovakian Basin, part 2: Zeolites and clay minerals", Journal of Petroleum Geology., 16 (1993) 223-236. [DOI:10.1111/j.1747-5457.1993.tb00108.x]
32. [32] Coombs D.S., Alberti A., Armbruster T., Artioli G., Colella C., Galli E., Grice J.D., Liebau F., Mandarino J.A., Minato H., Nickel E.H., Passaglia E., Peacor D.R., Quartieri S., Rinaldi R., Ross M., Sheppard R.A., Tillamanns E., Vezzalini G., "Recommended nomenclature for zeolite minerals: report of the Subcommittee on Zeolites of the International Mineralogical Association, Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names", Canadian Mineralogis 35 (1997) 1571-1606.
33. [33] Gottardi G., Galli E., "Natural Zeolites", Springer, Berlin,Heidelberg, New York, Tokyo. (1985) p 409. [DOI:10.1007/978-3-642-46518-5]
34. [34] Holland J. T. B., Redfern S. A. T., "Unit cell refinement from powder diffraction data: the use of regression diagnostics", Mineralogical Magazine 61 (1997) 65-77. [DOI:10.1180/minmag.1997.061.404.07]
35. [35] Passaglia E., Sheppard R. A., "The Crystal Chemistry of Zeolites", In: Natural Zeolites: Occurrence, Properties, Applications (D.L. Bish, D.W. Ming, editors), Mineralogical Society of America, Geochemical Society., 45 (2001) 69-116.
36. [36] Armbruster T., Gunter M.E., "Crystal structure of natural zeolites", In D.L.Bish, and D.W. Ming, Eds. Natural Zeolites: occurrence, properties, applications, Mineralogical Society of America, Geochemical Society., 45 (2001) 1-68.
37. [37] Abdioğlu E., "Mineralogy and chemistry of zeolites and associated minerals in Tertiary alkaline volcanics from the Eastern Pontides, NE Turkey", N. Jb. Miner 189/1 (2011) 35-47.
38. [38] Howard T., Evans JR., Konnert J. A., Malcolm R., "The crystal structure of tetranatrolite from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Québec, and its chemical and structural relationship to paranatrolite and gonnardite", American Mineralogist 85 (2000) 1808–1815. [DOI:10.2138/am-2000-11-1225]
39. [39] Nawaz R., "Gonnardite and disordered natrolite-group minerals: their distinction and relations with mesolite, natrolite and thomsonite", Department of Geology, Ulster Museum, Belfast, Northern Ireland 52 (1988) 207-219.
40. [40] Iijima A., Hay R.L., "Analcime composition in tuffs of Green River Formation of Wyoming". Am. Min 53 (1968) 184-200.
41. [41] Pe-Piper G., "Mode of occurrence, chemical variation and genesis of mordenite and associated zeolites from the Morden area, Nova Scotia, Canada", The Canadian Mineralogist 38 (2000) 1215-1232. [DOI:10.2113/gscanmin.38.5.1215]
42. [42] Robert Ch., Goffé B., Saliot P., "Zeolitization of a basaltic flow in a continental environment: an example of mass transfer under thermal control", Bull. Minéral 111(1988) 207-223.
43. [43] Gíslason S. R., Eugster H. P., "Meteoric water-basalt interactions", I: A laboratory study: Geochemica et Cosmochimica Acta 51 (1987a) 2827-2840. [DOI:10.1016/0016-7037(87)90161-X]
44. [44] Alt J.C., Honnorez J., "Alteration of the upper oceanic crust, DSDP Site 417: mineralogy and chemistry, Contrib", Mineral. Petrol., 87 (1984) 149-169. [DOI:10.1007/BF00376221]
45. [45] Wise W.S., Nokleberg W.J., Kokinos M., "Clinoptilolite and ferrierite from Agoura, California", Am. Mineral 54 (1969) 887-895.
46. [46] Comin-Chiaramonti P., "The Teic Dam analcimite (Eastern Azarbaijan, north- estern Iran)", Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral Cristallogr 100 (1977) 113.
47. [47] Lagat J., "Hydrothermal alteration mineralogy in geothermal fieldes with case examples from Olkaria Domes geothermal field, Kenya", Presented at Short Course IV on Exploration for Geothermal Resources, organized by UNU-GTP, KenGen and GDC, at Lake Naivasha, Kenya. P.O. Box 100746. (2009) 1 – 24.
48. [48] Kristmannsodóttir H., Tómasson J., "Zelite zones in geothermal areas in Iceland", In: Sand L.B. and Mumpton F.A. (Eds.) Natural Zeolites. Pergamon, Oxford (1978) 277-284.
49. [49] Taylor M. W., Surdam RC., "Zeolite Reaction in tuffaceous sediments at TeelsMarsh, Nevada", Clays & Clay Minerals, (1981) 29, 341-352. [DOI:10.1346/CCMN.1981.0290504]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

© 2019 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Crystallography and Mineralogy

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb