Volume 26, Issue 2 (7-2018)                   www.ijcm.ir 2018, 26(2): 355-368 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mineral chemistry, paragenesis and geochronological studies of the Hormuz Formation diabase rocks in the salt domes of sothern Iran, Hormozgan Province. www.ijcm.ir. 2018; 26 (2) :355-368
URL: http://ijcm.ir/article-1-1103-en.html
Abstract:   (206 Views)
The studied diabase rocks of the Hormuz Formation have undergone a variety of secondary processes and greenschist facies to amphibolite facies metamorphism. These rocks are metasomatized due to the effect of infiltrating metasomatism and hydrothermal alteration and are metamorphed due to CO2-rich aqueous fluids and rock-fluid interaction. Feldespat, pyroxene, olivine, apatite, rutile, magnetite and pyrite are the primary magmatic minerals present in these rocks and other minerals, are products of the transformation of the primary minerals due to metasomatism and thermal metamorphism. Feldspars are labrador, albite and orthoclase. Labrador and albite were crystalized at tempretures of <700 and pressures of <6 kbar which is their recrystallization tempreture. Orthoclase was crystalized at tempretures and pressures of 700, 6 kbar and >1000, >7 kbar and is a magmatic mineral. Clinopyroxens are augite and diopside and were crystalized at 1100 to 1300 and are magmatic minerals. Pyroxenes are subalkaline to alkaline and were formed within plate tholleitic basalt or oceanic floor basalt environment. Plagioclase and pyroxene minerals show oxidation conditions. According to the analyzed zircons from Band-e Moullem (539/4 ± 6/4 Ma) and Champeh (543/5 ± 6/1 Ma) salt dome diabase, these rocks have been crystalized and formed during Early Cambrian time. In addition, most of these zircons have a magmatic origin. This estimated age suggests that the intrusion of these diabase, occurred during and/or after the Neoproterozoic to Early Cambrian rifting of the northern part of the Arabian plate and the sedimentation of the Hormuz Formation in the Persian Gulf Basin.
Full-Text [PDF 129 kb]   (78 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/07/7 | Accepted: 2018/07/7 | Published: 2018/07/7

1. [1] Husseini M.I., Husseini S.I., "Origin of the Infracambrian Salt Basins of the Middle East", From BROOKS, J. (ed.), Classic Petroleum Provinces, Geological Society Special Publication 50 (1990) 279-292. [DOI:10.1144/GSL.SP.1990.050.01.14]
2. [2] Mortazavi M., Jafari Sadr A., Houshmandzadeh A., "Progress report on studying salt domes of Hormozgan province", Prepared in Mineral Department of Hormozgan Governorate Economic Review GroupReport number 1.(1989).
3. [3] McQuillan H., "The role of basement tectonics in the control of sedimentary facies, structural patterns and salt plug emplacements in the Zagros fold belt of southwest Iran", Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences 5(1) (1991) 453-63. [DOI:10.1016/0743-9547(91)90061-2]
4. [4] Faramarzi N.S., Amini S., Schmitt A.K., Hassanzadeh J., Borg G., McKeegan K., Razavi S.M.H., Mortazavi S.M., "Geochronology and geochemistry of rhyolites from Hormuz Island, southern Iran: A new record of Cadomian arc magmatism in the Hormuz Formation", Lithos 236–237 (2015) 203–211. [DOI:10.1016/j.lithos.2015.08.017]
5. [5] Bosak P., Garos J., Spudil J., Sulovsky P., Vaclavek V., "Salt plugs in the East Zagros, Iran: Results of Regional Geological Reconnaissance", Geolines, (Praha) (1998) 7.
6. [6] Gansser A., "The enigma of the Persian salt dome inclusions", Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae. Symposium on Swiss Molasse Basin 85 (1992).
7. [7] Rahnama-Rad J., Farhoudi G., Ghorbani H., Habibi Mood Sh., Derakhshani R., "Pierced salt domes in the Persian Gulf and in the Zagros mountain ranges in southern Iran and their relationship to hydrocarbon and basement tectonics", Iranian Journal of Earth Sciences 1 (2009) 57-72.
8. [8] Talbot C.J., Jarvis R.J., "Age, budget and dynamics of an active salt extrusion in Iran", Journal of Structural Geology 6(5) (1984) 521-533. [DOI:10.1016/0191-8141(84)90062-2]
9. [9] Talbot C.J., "Extrusions of Hormuz salt in Iran", Geological Society, London, Special Publications 143 (1998) 315-334. [DOI:10.1144/GSL.SP.1998.143.01.21]
10. [10] Talbot C., Aftabi P., Chemia Z., "Potash in a salt mushroom at Hormoz Island, Hormoz Strait, Iran", Ore Geology Reviews 35 (2009) 317–332. [DOI:10.1016/j.oregeorev.2008.11.005]
11. [11] Ghazban F., Al-Aasm I.S., "Hydrocarbon-induced diagenetic dolomite and pyrite formation associated with the Hormoz Island salt dome, offshore Iran", Journal of Petroleum Geology 33(2) (2010) 183-196. [DOI:10.1111/j.1747-5457.2010.00472.x]
12. [12] Edgell H.S., "Salt tectonism in the Persian Gulf Basin", Salt Tectonics, Geological Society Special Publication 100 (1996) 129-151. [DOI:10.1144/GSL.SP.1996.100.01.10]
13. [13] Kent P.E., "The Emergent Hormoz Salt Plugs of Southern Iran", Journal of Petroleum Geology 2(2) (1979) 117-144. [DOI:10.1111/j.1747-5457.1979.tb00698.x]
14. [14] Jahani S., Callot J.P., Letouzey J., Frizon de Lamotte D., "The eastern termination of the Zagros Fold-and-Thrust Belt, Iran: Structures, evolution, and relationships between salt plugs, folding, and faulting", TECTONICS 28 (2009). [DOI:10.1029/2008TC002418]
15. [15] Reuning L., Schoenherr J., Heimann A., Urai J.L., Littke R., Kukla P.A., Rawahi Z., "The surface-piercing salt domes in the Ghaba Salt Basin (Oman): A comparison to the intra-salt hydrocarbon play of the Ara Group", Geophysical Research Abstracts 11 (2009).
16. [16] Taghipour S., Taghipour B., "Mineralogical studies of metasomatic minerals within volcanic rocks of High Zagros salt domes", Iranian Journal of Crystallography and Mineralogy 4(17) (1388) 535-550.
17. [17] Atapour H., Aftabi A., "Rapitan-type banded iron formation at Hormuz Island, Iran", Geological Survey of Iran, The 30th Symposium, Programme with Abstracts with English abstract (2012).
18. [18] Rostami A., Baz Amad M., Haj Alilu B., Moazzen M., "Study of the Geochemical behaviour of rare earth minerals in the Hormoz Island Apatite", Journal of Economic Geology 1(6) (2014).
19. [19] Pourkaseb H., Rangzan K., Charchi A., Saiedi S., "Mineralogical studies of Igneous rocks in Jahani salt dome (Firuzabad), with emphasis on their economic importance", Second National Conference of the Iranian Economic Geology Society (2012).
20. [20] Aghanabati A., Fotouhi V., Escandari S., "The geological and Exploratory activitiescarried out in provinces and the third five years program", ministry of mine and industries, the Ministry of Industry and Mines, Geological Survey of Iran report(1) (2002).
21. [21] Momenzadeh M, Heidari E., "Genesis and formation of the Hormoz Formation and its mineral restores: a genetic analyses", Geological Survey of Iran (1990).
22. [22] National Geosciences Database, http://ngdir.ir/GeoportalInfo/PSubjectInfoDetail.as.p?PID=725&index=7 (2015).
23. [23] Ahmadi Moghadam P., "Petrogenesis of mafic igneous rocks in the Hormuz series, south of Iran", Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, not defended.
24. [24] Deer W.A., Howie R.A., Zussman J., "Rock-Forming Minerals", New York: Wiley 4 (1963) 2.
25. [25] Taghipour S., Khalili M., Mackizadeh M.A., Kananian A., Taghipour B., "Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis of igneous inclusions within three inactive diapirs, Zagros belt, Shahre-kord, Iran", Geol. Mag. 150 (1) (2013) 72–88. [DOI:10.1017/S0016756812000301]
26. [26] Fuhrman M.L., Lindsley D.H., "Ternary-feldspar modeling and thermometry", American Mineralogist 73 (1988) 201−215.
27. [27] Morimoto N., "Nomenclature of pyroxenes", Canadian Mineralogist 27 (1989) 143-156. [DOI:10.2465/minerj.14.198]
28. [28] Lindsley D.H., Andersen D.J., "A two-pyroxene thermometer", Journal of Geophysical Research 88 (S2) (1983) A887–A906. [DOI:10.1029/JB088iS02p0A887]
29. [29] LE BAS M.J., "The role of aluminum in igneous clinopyroxene with relation to their parentage", American Journal of Science 260 (1962) 267–88. [DOI:10.2475/ajs.260.4.267]
30. [30] Nisbet E.G., Pearce J.A., "Clinopyroxene composition in mafic lavas from different tectonic settings", Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 63 (1977) 149–60. [DOI:10.1007/BF00398776]
31. [31] France L., Ildefonse B., Koepke J., Bech F., "A new method to estimate the oxidation state of basaltic series from microprobe analyses", Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 189 (2010) 340–346. [DOI:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2009.11.023]
32. [32] Spray A., "METAMORPHIC TEXTURES", Pergamon Press Ltd. (1969).
33. [33] Bucher K., Grapes R., "Petrogenesis of Metamorphic Rocks", Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg (2011). [DOI:10.1007/978-3-540-74169-5]
34. [34] Wu C.Z., Santosh M., Chen Y., Samson I.M., Lei R.X., Dong L.H., Qu X., Gu L.X., "Geochronology and geochemistry of Early Mesoproterozoic meta-diabase sills from Quruqtagh in the northeastern Tarim Craton: Implications for breakup of the Columbia supercontinent", Precambrian Research 241 (2014) 29– 43. [DOI:10.1016/j.precamres.2013.11.007]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Crystallography and Mineralogy

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb