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Rahimzadeh B, Ebrahimi M, Veisinia A. Petrogenesis and tectonic setting of the basic volcanic rocks from east of Qazvin, Central Alborz. www.ijcm.ir. 2019; 27 (4) :855-870
URL: http://ijcm.ir/article-1-1368-en.html
1- Shahid Beheshti University
2- University of Zanjan
Abstract:   (1845 Views)
A sequence of Tertiary basic volcanic rocks is exposed in the east of Qazvin. The volcanic sequence is mainly composed of olivine-basalt to trachyandesite with porphyrictic, microlitic, and glassy textures. Clinopyroxene, plagioclase, amphibole, and iddingsitized olivine are the main phenocrysts. According to EPMA data plagioclase shows labradorite to bytownite composition and clinopyroxene is diopside. Geothermobarometry of clinopyroxene and amphibole represents the temperature of 1100 C to 1200 C and pressure of 1 to 5 kbar during crystallization of these minerals. According to the geochemical data, the sequence shows calc-alkaline affinity which is related to volcanic arc setting. In comparison to chondrite, they are enriched in LILEs and depleted in HFS elements. Also based on geotectonic diagrams, these rocks have been derived from a high potassium calc-alkaline to shoshonitic magma in an active continental margin setting. Ti and Nb negative anomalies and LILE enrichment support an enriched mantle in a supra-subduction zone as a source for magma. According to this study, the magma originated from a low grade 5 to 10 % partial melting from an enriched garnet-spinel lherzolitic mantle source at depth of 50-70 km and finally has risen to the surface via deep fractures and faults within an intra-arc extensional basin in Central Alborz zone during the Middle and Upper Eocene time.
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