دوره 27، شماره 4 - ( 10-1398 )                   جلد 27 شماره 4 صفحات 855-870 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Rahimzadeh B, Ebrahimi M, Veisinia A. Petrogenesis and tectonic setting of the basic volcanic rocks from east of Qazvin, Central Alborz. www.ijcm.ir. 2019; 27 (4) :855-870
URL: http://ijcm.ir/article-1-1368-fa.html
رحیم‌زاده بهمن، ابراهیمی محمد، ویسی‌نیا ایوب. سنگ‌زایی و جایگاه زمین‌ساختی سنگ‌های آتشفشانی بازیک شرق قزوین، البرز مرکزی. مجله بلورشناسی و کانی شناسی ایران. 1398; 27 (4) :855-870

URL: http://ijcm.ir/article-1-1368-fa.html


دانشگاه زنجان
چکیده:   (252 مشاهده)
یک توالی از سنگ‌های آتشفشانی بازیک با سن ترشیری در شرق قزوین رخنمون دارد. ترکیب سنگ‌شناسی این مجموعه بیشتر الیوین بازالت تا تراکی‌آندزیت با بافت‌های پورفیری، میکرولیتی و شیشه‌ای است. کانی‌های کلینوپیروکسن، پلاژیوکلاز و گاهی الیوین ایدینگزیتی شده و آمفیبول درشت بلور‌های اصلی این سنگ­ها را تشکیل می­دهند. براساس نتایج تجزیه نقطه‌ای درشت بلور‌های پلاژیوکلاز، ترکیب لابرادوریت تا بیتونیت و پیروکسن ترکیب دیوپسید را نشان می‌دهند. دما-فشارسنجی تبلور کانی پیروکسن گستره دمایی 1100 تا 1200 درجه سانتی‌گراد و فشار 1 تا 5 کیلوبار را نشان می‌دهد. براساس نتایج زمین شیمیایی، این مجموعه آتشفشانی دارای سرشت آهکی قلیایی وابسته به قوس آتشفشانی است و در مقایسه با کندریت از عناصر سنگ دوست بزرگ یون (LILE) غنی و از عناصر با شدت میدان بالا (HFSE) تهی شده‌اند. نمودار‌های زمین­ساختی نشان می‌دهند که این سنگ‌ها از یک ماگمای آهکی قلیایی پتاسیم بالا تا شوشونیتی در یک محیط فرورانشی وابسته به کرانه فعال قاره تشکیل شده‌اند. بی‌هنجاری منفی عناصر Ti و Nb و غنی‌شدگی از عناصر گروه LILE نشان از خاستگاه گوشته غنی‌شده در بالای پهنه فرورانش دارد. ماگما از ذوب­بخشی حدود 5 تا 10 درصدی یک منبع گوشته‌ای گارنت- اسپینل لرزولیتی غنی‌شده در اعماق 50 تا 70 کیلومتری ایجاد شده و از طریق شکستگی‌ها و گسل‌های عمیق در حوضه کششی ائوسن میانی- بالایی در پهنه ساختاری البرز مرکزی فوران کرده است.    
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
دریافت: ۱۳۹۸/۱۰/۷ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۸/۱۰/۷ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۸/۱۰/۷

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