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Jamshidipour A, Khanehbad M. Petrography and Geochemistry of Sibzar Formation (Middle Devonian) sandstones in east of Neyshabur: implications for tectonic setting and paleoclimate. www.ijcm.ir 2023; 31 (4) :721-736
URL: http://ijcm.ir/article-1-1823-fa.html
جمشیدی پور ابوالفضل، خانه باد محمد. سنگ‌نگاری و زمین‌شیمی ماسه سنگ‌های سازند سیبزار (دونین میانی) در شرق نیشابور: کاربردی برای موقعیت زمین‌ساختی و آب و هوای دیرینه. مجله بلورشناسی و کانی شناسی ایران. 1402; 31 (4) :721-736

URL: http://ijcm.ir/article-1-1823-fa.html


1- گروه زمین شناسی، دانشکده علوم، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران
چکیده:   (848 مشاهده)
ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪ ﺳﻴﺒﺰﺍﺭ (ﺩﻭﻧﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻲ) ﺩﺭ 30 ﻛﻴﻠﻮﻣﺘﺮﻱ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻧﻴﺸﺎﺑﻮﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﻭﻟﺴﺘﻮﻥ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻻﻳﻪ­ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺎﺳﻪ ﺳﻨﮕﻲ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻨﻲ، آذرین لایه ﺑﺎﺯﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﻲ ﻭ ﺩﻭﻟﺴﺘﻮﻥ ﺗﺎ ﺩﻭﻟﺴﺘﻮﻥ­ﻫﺎﻱ ﺁﻫﻜﻲ ﺑﺎﻻﻳﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺿﺨﺎﻣﺖ 334 ﻣﺘﺮ ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻣﻴﺎﻥ ﻻﻳﻪ­ﻫﺎﻱ ﻣﺎﺳﻪ ﺳﻨﮕﻲ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﻛﻮﺍﺭﺗﺰﻫﺎﻱ ﺭﻳﺰﺩﺍﻧﻪ ﺗﺎ گاهی ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺩﺍﻧﻪ، با مقادیر کمی از ﻓﻠﺪﺳﭙﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺧﺮﺩﻩ ﺳﻨﮓ‌های رسوبی ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ. ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻩ­ﻫﺎﻱ برآمده ﺍﺯ سنگ­نگاری ﻭ جایابی ﺁﻥ­ﻫﺎ ﺑﺮ ﻧﻤﻮﺩﺍﺭ رده­ﺑﻨﺪﻱ ﺳﻨﮓ­ﻫﺎﻱ ﺭﺳﻮﺑﻲ (QFRF)، ﻣﺎﺳﻪ­ﺳﻨﮓ­ﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﺎﺯﻧﺪ ﺳﻴﺒﺰﺍﺭ بیشتر ﺍﺯ ﻧﻮﻉ ﻛﻮﺍﺭﺗﺰ ﺁﺭﻧﺎﻳﺖ ﻭ نیمه ﺁﺭﻛﻮﺯ و ﺩﺭ ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﺍﺯ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ­ﻫﺎ، ﻟﻴﺖ ﺁﺭﻧﺎﻳﺖ (خرده سنگی) است. با بررسی­های زمین شیمیایی، فراوانترین اکسیدهای اصلی در این ماسه سنگ­ها، SiO2 و Al2O3 با غلظت میانگین به ترتیب 8/77 و 3/8 درصد وزنی هستند. با توجه به نسبت‌های SiO2/Al2O3 و Na2O/K2O و سایر مقادیر اکسیدهای اصلی و عناصر فرعی چون CaO، Fe2O3، TiO2، Zr و V، این ماسه سنگ‌‌‌‌ها دارای مقادیر کوارتز متوسط تا بالا و خاستگاه رسوبی کوارتزی بوده و در یک حوضه درون کراتونی در کرانه غیرفعال قاره‌‌‌‌‌ای واقع هستند. سنگ خاستگاه این ماسه سنگ‌‌‌‌ها از نوع آذرین حدواسط تا اسیدی بوده و دستخوش درجه­های متوسط تا شدیدی از هوازدگی شیمیایی شده‌‌‌اند. با توجه به شواهد، منبع رسوب­های آذرین سیلی آواری برای ماسه سنگ‌های سازند سیبزار از ورقه‌های عربستان و آفریقا بوده است.
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نوع مقاله: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي

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